Work-related stress occurs when people may be presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenges their ability to cope. According to Hans Selye, acknowledge internationally as the "father of stress research" (1936), defined stress as "the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it". Researchers continue to struggle today in an effort to agree on exactly what is stress and how it can be measured (AIS, 1979). Stress is a word that comes from the Latin word stringere meaning to draw tight, Cannon (1929) defined stress in terms of the internal physiological state of subjects exposed to threatening or exciting situations, e.g. the raised adrenaline secretion that can be observed in the well-known 'fight or flight' reaction (Arnorld and Randall et al., 2010)
For several decades, occupational health researchers have been concerned with factors at work that may cause stress (Innstrand et al., 2012). Work-related stress and work pressure draw attention of many researchers due to the increase in illness and health issues derived from work. Moreover, an interest in examination of the differences in psychological symptoms and the variation in the reaction relative to the gender was demonstrated. Depression, anxiety, panic, loss of confidence, change in emotional reaction and more are known as psychological driving factors of work-related stress. In order to analyse the dimension and the impact of work pressure on stress, the first hypothesis of this research established as: " Stress is mainly due to work pressure", and in addition, to have a better understanding if there is difference in the symptoms of stress expressed by male and female, the second hypothesis was articulated as: "There is a difference in stress symptoms between males and females". The research was based on self-report questionnaires handed out to different types of organizations. Previous researches reinforce the results of this study. Indeed, the hypothesis were proved and strengthened by the research done in this questionnaire. There are evidences of a positive relationship between stress and work pressure and the findings show a significant difference in the symptoms expressed by males and females. Implications of the findings are discussed in the paper.
Stress is mainly due to work pressure
There is a difference in stress symptoms between males and females.
Prior studies reported that the UK's largest private sector union, Britain's work places are becoming more stressful (AMICUS, 2002). A Health and Safety Committee report found that between 2001 and 2002, 32.9 million working days had been lost due to work-related illnesses (King, 2005), in addition Karasek and Theorell (1990) reported that employees in high-strain jobs were at a particularly increased risk of various health problems. Physiological measures are problematic, since a number of factors may influence health other than work-related stress. Therefore this paper focused on analysing this subject, by simply measuring work-related stress by asking people directly about how they feel about their jobs or specifically the different psychological symptoms related to work-related stress. The objective is to prove that work pressure is a driving element of stress and to compare the differ¬ences between male and female con¬cerning the symptoms of work-related stress.