Through African Eyes “One individual can begin a movement that turns the tide of history.” African empires, kingdoms, and cities achieved many great things before the arrival of Europeans. In the fifteenth and sixteenth century Africans had developed advanced civilizations, and also came triumphantly wealthy with the help of their location, trade, travel and also the control of territory. There were 8 documents associated with their achievements. For example, Aksum is centrally located between the red sea and the Gulf of Aden. This meant that they could travel by land and also by water for trade. Aksum reached its height between 325 and 360. Its location made it an important international trading center because of the convenient geographical setting. Africa’s’ second achievement was when the kingdom of Ghana reached full power between 800 and 1076. This is when they controlled the trans-Saharan gold and salt trade. There was a document written by Arab scholar Al-Bakri in 1067 about Ghana’s wealth saying, “The court of appeal is held in a domed pavilion around which stand ten horses with gold embodied trappings. Behind the king stood ten pages holding shields and swords made out of gold, and on his right are the sons of subordinate kings of his country, all wearing splendid garments and with their hair mixed with gold.” He also stated that the “dogs wearing collars of gold and silver, studded with a number of the same metals.” Al-Bakri described these evidence of wealth in his document, and also explained the political structure of the kingdom.