The first and most obvious literary device utilized by Frost in this poem is personification. Sorrow is personified in the poem and given the identity of a woman dressed in "simple worsted gray." We see Sorrow as a guest and companion to Frost. The two are walking together, taking in the surroundings. Sorrow "loves the bare, the withered tree," and she praises the November day. Frost seems to be listening to her and letting her have her say. He keeps a kind of wise silence while she goes about, appreciating the beauty of the season but understanding the melancholy the season brings to some.
In addition to personification, Frost uses end rhyme in "My November Guest." "With me," "can be," and "withered tree" in the first stanza are examples of this end rhyme. In the second stanza he rhymes "stay," and "away," and in the third stanza it is "trees, "sees," and "these." Finally, in the last stanza, he ends with "no, "snow," and "so." The end rhyme gives the poem a musical quality and makes the poem's message of appreciating November.