In the United States Government there are three branches of government which split the power equally. These branches of government are the Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Legislative branch has the power to form new laws. The Executive branch has control over if laws are destroyed or enforced. The Judicial power has the power to interpret laws, to decide on what they mean, and settle disputes that arise within the society. These branches of government were outlined in the country's constitution. A constitution is the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
There are many different kinds of Government, such as a Dictatorship and a Democracy. In a Dictatorship the government is ruled by either a small group of people or one individual. In a democracy the power rests in the people's hands. Unlike in a dictatorship the people have a right to vote. When people vote they are putting who they want to be in office.
What is a State? Well a State can be defined as a group of people, living in a defined area, has a local government, and has the power to make and enforce laws without the permission of someone with higher authority. Currently in the world there are over One Hundred Ninety states. States can sometimes greatly differ from each other in size, natural resources, and military power. However all states possess four characteristics, Population, territory, sovereignty, and government.