The expansion effect on Europe's culture was positive, as it changed their diet for the good. "Before the European discovery of the Americas, sugar was a luxury product that only the wealthy could afford"(Kagan), when sugar entered the western diet everything changed. They went from wheat, beer, lettuce, cabbage, turnip, onions and radish to sugar, coffee, tea, chocolate, salt, corn and potatoes. This change improved health leading to a longer life span therefore making this cultural change positive. This new diet was varied creating a very healthy community.
The economic effect the expansion had on Europe wasn't so positive. The expansion created a price revolution. "As the production of sugar rose, the price fell"(Kagan). There was an increase in the amount of commodities, resources, precious gems and metals. There was a decline in the value of silver due to the increase of supply thus leading to increased inflation. The government's response to these changes was to increase taxation, to recoup revenue and these ideas soon led to bankruptcy.