The Cold War

Published: 2021-06-29 07:04:23
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The Cold War
The Cold War was the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII. The US is a capitalist country and has democracy. The Soviet Union was a Communist state, which lead to strife. The basic tenants of these opposing societies were ingrained in the people, and since only one country be the world leader, the conflict was inevitable. The Cold War lasted from 1945-1989 and was the constant struggle between communist world and western world. The Cold War shaped today's world and as such is something that must be studied.
The Cold War began after WWII when the Allied countries met for the Yalta Conference. Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin met to discuss what would become of the defeated countries. Roosevelt and Churchill wanted to help Germany and Europe rebuild which would hopefully avoid another world war. (GlobalSecurity) Their idea was formed into the Marshall Plan, which funded most of the rebuilding of Europe. (GlobalSecurity) Josef Stalin had a different plan. As the leader of the USSR, which had been battered during the fight, he wanted to make Germany pay. Stalin requested astronomical war reparations from Germany, but Roosevelt and Churchill wouldn't allow it. They finally agreed that Germany could be split into four sections. (GlobalSecurity) However, Stalin refused to accept France into the spoils as they did nothing to earn them. So England, France, and America all got a third of the Free world's half, while Russia bogarted the other half. (GlobalSecurity)The Soviet Union was still not pleased with these resolutions because they wanted a buffer zone for more protection. (Friedman) They felt that the Westerners were threating because the western border was free, directly opposing their military take over style of control. (GlobalSecurity)To provide themselves with more protection, the Soviets began to build up an empire. They established the satellite nations, countries subject to Soviet domination. (Friedman) They also set up communist governments in countries including Poland, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, and East Germany. (Cold War Museum) Meanwhile, the United States wanted all nations to have democracy and more importantly, free trade. (Friedman) They attempted to reach these goals with the containment policy, where they try to contain or limit the spread of communism, and through documents like the Truman Doctrine, which called on the US to take a leadership role in the world. (Cold War Museum) The main cause of the cold war was the tension and disagreements between the Communists and the Free World.

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