At the start of a new decade, America needed money. The Stock Market crashed, leaving people without employment, food, housing and just about everything else. Since money was scarce, the American people turned to the simpler things such as family time. This included movies, board games and other cheap activities; however, family time could only go so far. The Great Depression took a toll on everyone, leaving Americans feeling depressed and degraded. Depressing times called for entertainment, new deals and scandals to liven the atmosphere and lives of the American people during the 1930's; that is where remarkable people such as Franklin D. Roosevelt, Margaret Mitchell, Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, and events such as the discovery of Pluto and the Lindbergh baby kidnapping come into play.
From a political standpoint, Franklin D. Roosevelt played a major role in helping America get out of the Depression and back on track with his "New Deal" when he was elected as president in November, 1932. Authors David Hausen, Susan Musser and Vickey Kalambakal claim that nine other candidates ran for president in the November 1932 election, but democrat Roosevelt blew the other candidates away (25). Terry A. Cooney, author of Balancing Acts: American Though and Culture in the 1930's, believes Roosevelt won over the American population with his strategies of creating bold policies and his conservatism ways (35). While serving his term as the governor of New York, Roosevelt gained respect and admiration for dealing with the depression in New York (Hausen, Musser, and Kalambakal 25). Marna Owen, author of Our Century: 1930 - 1440, notes that when Roosevelt stepped into power in 1932, he created many programs and plans with the purpose to help the country get out of the depression. Some of these programs included the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Recovery Administration, the Civilian Conservation Corps, and Tennessee Valley Authority (34). Although these programs provided Americans with essential necessities, the "New Deal," Roosevelt's most famous, important plan, helped change America. Roosevelt's "New Deal" had intentions of helping the nation get back where it belonged, creating jobs, providing loans to prevent foreclosures on houses, creating regulations to control credit prices and banking, and stimulating farm prices (Haugen, Musser, and Kalambakal 25). The way Roosevelt presented his final product, he created hope for America, convincing them to get of the hole that so many kept digging deeper and deeper. Throughout the years, Roosevelt's words spoke louder than his actions, and that is why many people recognize his famous words from the famous "New Deal" speech: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself... This nation asks for action and action now. We must act quickly..." (Owen 32). This speech instilled a positive effect on Americans, motivating them to help the nation get out of that 'hole.' Another effective way to connect with the public that Roosevelt used was casual, relaxed conversations. These speeches, more formerly known as "Fireside Chats," informed the American people of the happenings of their country and provided comfort and security (Cooney 39). Of all political figures in the 1930s, president Franklin D. Roosevelt helped change America most significantly.