Specific or General KSAOs
The primary purpose of KSAOs is to measure those qualities that will set one candidate apart from the others. What does KSAOs stand for? KSAO includes: knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (also called KSAOs model) that an applicant must have to perform successfully in the position. Knowledge is a body of information that can be applied directly to the performance of tasks. Skills refer to "the proficient manual, verbal, or mental manipulation of people, ideas, or things." Abilities refer to the present power to perform a job function, to carry through with the activity while applying or using the associated knowledge. Finally, other characteristics refers to a general category for other personal factors such as personality, willingness, interest, and motivation and such tangible factors as licenses, degrees, and years of experience. A resume is important to the job application process since it shows the applicants general experience, education, activities, and other accomplishments. The KSAOs listed in the job opening are also important because the KSAOs provide H2O with an opportunity to draw attention to and expand on the specific factors the company is looking for and provides an opportunity for them to spell out why someone is the best qualified candidate for the job.