Rice Industries in Thailand

Published: 2021-06-29 06:55:52
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AN OVERVIEW OF RICE INDUSTRIES IN THAILAND1/ Cultivation areaThailand has plans to additionally expand the land accessible for rice production, with a goal of adding 500,000 hectares to its effectively 9.2 million hectares of rice-developing areas. Thai rice farmers intensely depend on rainwater amid the developing season from July-September of every year. The rice yields from this period are referred to as "khao-na-pi" or wet-season rice, possessing 85% of total production, while the staying 15% are grown amid other months of the year utilizing water system water called "khao-na-prang" or on the other hand off-season rice.2/ Rice environments Rice creation in Thailand can be characterized into four environments; flooded, rainfed marsh, deepwater, and upland. Rainfed swamp is the most overwhelming, trailed by flooded, deepwater, and upland. Authoritatively and geologically, Thailand is partitioned into four areas: focal, north, upper east, and south. Every district has diverse rice-developing situations. Northeastern district: The northeastern district is otherwise called the Khorat level, a saucer-formed tableland arranged at 90– 200 meters above ocean level. Focal area: The focal locale is a seriously developed alluvial zone. Amid the stormy season, rice covers the real piece of the district, which represents around one-fifth of the aggregate developed rice place that is known for the nation in the wet season. Northern locale. The northern district contains right around 33% of the land zone of Thailand. Upland rice is developed in the lower heights of high slopes and in upland zones. Southern district: The southern locale, touching the west and east banks of the landmass, constitutes around 14% of the aggregate territory of the nation.3/ Rice yields[pic 1]2017 was a successful year of Thailand rice industry with higher exported value to the world (total 4,567,468 tons) comparing to the previous years (3,949,355 tons in 2016 or 4,092,448 tons in 2015). In 2016 and 2017, Benin had become Thailand’s biggest rice market with the exported value of 463,888 and 606,547. China took the second place with 505,189 tons in 2017 and 429,363 tons in 2016.In 2017, Thailand’s domestic consumption was 7,495 tons of rice, much higher from previous years. Thailand also imports rice from other countries for consuming such as from Australia (3010 tons), India (881 tons), Pakistan (865 tons) or Vietnam (714 tons). 4/ Adaptation of Rice Cultivation Technology in Thailanda/  Upland rice/Highland rice ecosystem[pic 2]b/ Rainfed lowland rice ecosystem[pic 3]c/  Irrigated lowland rice ecosystem[pic 4]d/  Deep water rice/Floating rice ecosystem[pic 5]ReferenceThailand. Ricepedia the online authority on rice. September 2012, retrieved from: http://ricepedia.org/thailandAsia-pacific economic cooperation. Thailand Rice Production and Rice Research and Development on Climate Change. Retrieved from: http://mddb.apec.org/Documents/2017/PPFS/WKSP1/17_ppfs_wksp1_008.pdfTrade map-Trade statistics for international business development. Retrieved from: https://www.trademap.org/Country_SelProductCountry_TS.aspx?nvpm=1|764||||1006|||4|1|1|1|2|1|2|1|1

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